Graphene, a last generation nanotechnological material, is one of the allotropic forms in which carbon can be found, just as graphite or diamond.
It is one of the most investigated nanomaterials at the moment, due to the incredible mechanical, optical and electrical properties that it presents, as well as the many improvements it provides to other materials.
It is the most resistant material known, about 200 times harder than structural steel with the same thickness, and at the same time, is as light as carbon fiber and even more flexible than this, among many other properties. In addition to greater flexibility, graphene provides a high elasticity to materials and less chance of breakage.
Graphene is waterproof and, unlike most water-resistant surfaces, is a great thermal and electrical conductor, better than copper, diamond and silver. In turn, graphene effectively acts as an antibacterial agent, preventing the growth of bacteria and mold.
All these improvements mean an increase in the durability of graphene materials which contains graphene, and a reduction of both required raw material and total costs of manufacturing, as well as promoting improvements in the environment thanks to its use in specific technologies.